"Then I will meet you, the beautiful beaches of Trinacria Island, where the sun grazes and feeds the herds."
Citation Homer’s Odyssey perfectly introduces incredible Sicily and its very ancient origins. The ancient Greeks discovered it in 8th century BC, colonizing its eastern coasts. They called it "Sikélia", the Land of Fertility, and they called "Sikelioi", the "Mowers", its native inhabitants. Because of its triangular shape, they also called it "Trinacria", "Land of the three points": today these are Val di Mazara, Val di Noto and Val di Messina.
Since winters in Sicily never really arrive, they retained this land dear to Elio, god of the Sun, who here grazed his white herds. Only a fertile land like this, suitable for all types of cultivation, could feed such splendid animals.
All the wonders of Sicily, where should we begin? From history, perhaps. Between Sicilians and Sicans, Greeks, Carthaginians and then the Romans, Vandals and Byzantines, Arabs and Normans, Swabians, Angevins, Aragonese, Habsburg and Bourbon, the history of Sicily is full of different events and dominations. And each of these has left its cultural imprint.
Sicily preserves seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Greek ruins of Syracuse with Ortigia and Pantalica,Valley of the Temples in Agrigento, Roman Villa del Casale in Piazza Armerina, the monuments with Arab and Norman gardens in Palermo, Monreale and Cefalù, late-baroque cities of the Val di Noto (Catania, Ragusa, Modica, Caltagirone, Noto, Scicli, Militello and Palazzolo Acreide). Together with unique architectural heritage in Sicily you will discover unique natural treasures such as Etna, the largest volcano in Europe and amazing Aeolian Islands.
Let’s not limit with Unesco sites in Sicily and go further exploring amazing quantity and quality of natural landscapes and historical centers of this island. Not to forget the beautiful Sicilian beaches perfect for swimming from March to October, as well as wonders of the islands of Pantelleria and Lampedusa, the tuna nets of Egadi, wooded peaks of the Nebrodi and Madonie.
Impossible to pass without seeing Punic ruins of Mozia and Lilibeo or the Greek ruins of Segesta and Selinunte. Here you will also discover amazing theater and views of Taormina, loved by writers and artists such as D.H. Lawrence and Truman Capote. Anyway it is time to stop for a good dinner.
Sicilian cuisine is one of the tastiest in all of Italy, rich in flavors and recipes. Sicily is a homeland of arancini of rice, caponata, pasta with sardines, cannoli and cassate. Do not forget to taste pistachios of Bronte, famous citrus of Sicily, Zibibbo and Passito and more fruits of this land.
Let’s conclude our reasons to visit Sicily with the words of Goethe: "Italy, without Sicily, does not leave any image in the spirit. Sicily is the key to everything."